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Choosing subjects and courses at 16

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Thinking about what A Levels, BTECs or other courses to take after your GCSEs? We can help you with this important decision.

The subjects and courses you choose now are very important for:

  • Career choice -  Certain careers may need certain subjects. Some jobs and careers may need you to get specific vocational qualifications, for example Art and Design. Universities may want good grades in particular subjects. Some examples:

    • Maths and Physics are often essential for many engineering courses
    • Biology is almost always required to study a Physiotherapy degree
    • Some universities have a preferred list of A Level subjects for general admission as well as specific requirements for particular courses
    • Critical Thinking or General Studies are often not accepted by universities as one of your A Level grades

But remember. Many universities will consider your application whatever subjects you choose.

  • Employers - They may also want good grades in preferred subjects. For example, Science, Maths or Construction may be preferred for a Level 4 Construction Apprenticeship
  • UCAS Points & Grades - Good grades in A Level or equivalent subjects can earn you more UCAS points needed for entry to many university courses. Find out more about UCAS Tariff Points on the UCAS website

If you are still unsure about what to do after GCSEs explore your Options at 16.

Take a look at the Informed Choices website to see which subjects you might need if you are thinking about going on to do a degree.

Different qualifications

A Levels are usually exam-focused in many academic and well established subjects. You can also do A Levels in newer, vocational subjects like Media Studies. You can usually study between 1 and 3 different A Level subjects which will allow you to study a range of subjects, particularly useful if you want to keep your options open.

BTECs and other vocational courses tend to be coursework based and more career-focused, for example subjects like Sport, Engineering or Hospitality. Depending on the level you are studying, the qualification may be equivalent to 1, 2 or even 3 A levels. BTECs and other vocational qualifications are useful if you have a particular career in mind.

Find out more about Qualifications

Facilitating subjects  – What are they and why should I choose them?

Facilitating subjects are the subjects most often needed for entry to degree courses. The Russell Group of universities call them ‘facilitating subjects’ because choosing them can widen your options for university study.

  • English Literature
  • Maths and Further Maths
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Geography
  • History
  • Modern and Classical Languages

This does not mean that subjects not listed as a ‘facilitating subject’ have less value. They are just less often required for general entry to degree courses.  Some non-facilitating subjects are specifically required for certain courses, like Welsh, Economics and Religious Studies.

I don't know what to do. How do I keep my options open?"

You might still be unsure on a career and that’s fine. Keep your options open by:

  • Choosing facilitating subjects. If you want to go to university but not sure what you want to study, it may be a good idea to choose two facilitating subjects to keep your options open
  • Keeping a balance. Having a good balance of subjects will keep your options open if you do not have a career in mind

    What next?

    There is a lot to think about. You should:

    • Research your subject options and your career ideas
    • Take time to think through your decision
    • Listen to the advice of your Teachers, Careers Advisers and parents, but make your own decision
    • Make a short list of subjects and options
    • Make an informed decision. You may hear lots of different ideas and opinions. Check the facts out for yourself

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    Options at 16

    Access information about your career options after your GCSE's.